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大理慢屋.揽清度假酒店建筑景观设计



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项目名称:大理慢屋.揽清度假酒店
业主及运营者:重庆慢屋酒店管理有限公司
项目地址:大理市环海西路葭蓬村
建筑面积:改造前300㎡,改造后1000㎡
设计时间:2013.03-2014.9
建造时间:2013.08-2015.06
竣工时间:2015.07
建造地点:大理

project name: DALI MUNWOOD LAKESIDE RESORT HOTEL
Owners and operators: Chongqing Munwood Hotel Management Co., Ltd.
Project site: Jiapeng Village,West road, Erhai Lake, Dali
construction area: before reconstruction 300㎡,after reconstruction1000㎡
Design time:2013.03-2014.9
Build time:2013.08-2015.06
Completion time:2015.07

场地位于葭蓬村洱海畔,是一个基于原有农宅的改扩建项目(改造前300㎡,改造后1000㎡)。从最初草图至施工结束一共花了两年半,元象建筑对设计建造的全过程:选址策划、建筑方案及施工图设计、室内(包含软装、家具设计及现场制作)及景观设计,施工现场等环节进行着全程的把控,目前已经竣工并投入正式营业。

MUNWOOD LAKESIDE is one of the two design hotels built by IDO (Init Design Office) in Dali, Yunnan province in resent two years. Located beside Erhai lake, Jiapeng village, it is expanded and reconstructed originally on a farm house, which was transformed from 300㎡to 1000㎡. IDO took the control of the whole process in the design and construction from site planning, architecture and construction design, indoors (including soft, furniture design and site fabrication field production.)and landscape design to construction site. After two and half years design and construction, it is now open for business .

存在建筑-建筑摄影 (31) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

位置 Location

慢屋·揽清位于大理洱海环海西路葭蓬村,葭蓬村是环洱海最小的自然村,村庄周围环绕着独有的自然景观—海西湿地:杨柳垂荫,芦苇飞絮,水鸟游弋,天蓝海清。整个村庄宁静秀美,五六间小客栈沿湿地岸线散布,慢屋就在其中之一。

MUNWOOD LAKESIDE locates in west road, Erhai lake, Jiapeng village, Dali, which is the smallest natural village around Erhai lake. The village is surrounded by a unique natural landscape–Haixi wetland,where willow catkins are fluttering, waterfowls are cruising, sky and lake are blue. The village is beautiful and quiet with five or six Inns along the wetland shoreline, and MUNWOOD LAKESIDE is among them.

drawings 0区位 Location Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-建筑摄影 (29) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-建筑摄影 (23) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-建筑摄影 (32) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

背景 Background

我们认为:一个好的建筑必定是多方合力的结果,特别需要一个“好”的甲方。为了能盖一栋让建筑师自己满意的房子,2013年初我们决定“那就自己做一次甲方吧”,于是决定“去大理盖房子”。从乙方到甲方,我们遇到了很多新的问题:资金不够怎么办?于是我们又鼓动了周围好几位有同样追求的建筑师好友加入到投资建设团队中,一起成立了慢屋酒店管理有限公司,组织一群有相同梦想的建筑师一起努力。施工现场需要把控,各种关系需要协调。方案同样是改了无数轮:只不过这次是给自己改 —— 过程中我们意识到“其实作甲方也挺难,很多实际的问题需要面对”。——还好办法总比问题多,在解决实际问题的同时,我们努力坚持着建筑学的基本准则。

We are holding the view that a good building must be the result of the multi – force, particularly a “good” party A. In order to build a house, satisfied by architects themselves, we decided to “ be part A ourselves!”, so we made the decision of going to Dali to build a house at the beginning of 2013. We then encountered various new problems from Party B to Party A, like lack of money. So we established Munwood Hotel Management Co. Ltd, encouraging several architects friends who hold the same pursuits to join the investment team. However, we came to realize that Party A was never an easy job, and a great deal of practical problems needed to be settled. The construction site needed to be controlled and all kinds of relations needed to be coordinated; the plan had been changed lots of rounds, but it was changed to satisfy us own this time. Fortunately, solutions were more than difficulties. In the process of solving practical problems, we shrived to adhere to the basic principles of Architecture.

角色转换的一点思考 Reflections on Role Transformation

两年多时间里,我们的角色既是甲方又是乙方。

精心策划,从考虑使用者的体验开始设计:分析酒店客人的使用行为模式,注重使用者的体验,做到“设计创造价值”

控制造价,强调“适宜的建造策略”:在相对较低的建造成本情况下,以及在大理相对落后的施工技术条件下,用建筑师可以控制的施工方式做出更讲究的空间品质。

强调社会责任感:在洱海环路市政管网不健全的背景下,在有限的投资成本下,花数十万元为项目配置中水系统,污水处理后可作为庭院景观用水,不向洱海排一滴污水。

建筑师的话语权:建筑师为主导的开发建设,推动项目的建设及运营走向良性,达成使用者、业主及社会多方共赢的结果,而非之前房地产粗放开发时期开发商一味的追求资金回报率的传统开发模式。

使用后评价对设计的促进:目前客栈已经投入使用近一年,客人的使用反馈作为真实存在的建筑评价,将是我们今后酒店设计改良的依据及动力。
我们认为这是一种模式的转变,特别是在当前经济转型下,在后房地产时代下,建筑师的角色定位或许可以重新思考?

In those two more years, we acts as not only Party A but also Party B.
Elaborately planned, designing from the user experience: we strive to live up to “Design to create value” by analyzing the use behavior patterns of hotel guest’s , and focusing on the user experience.

Control the cost and emphasize “the suitable construction strategy”: architects can make the space higher quality by controlling the construction ways, in spite of the relatively low construction costs and backward construction technology conditions in Dali.

Emphasizing the sense of social responsibility: Despite the municipal pipe network is not perfect in the Erhai ring road, and investment costs are really limited, IDO spend hundreds of thousands of RMB to equip the reclaimed water system, which can be used as the garden landscape water after the sewage treatment, not discharging a drop of sewage in Erhai.

Architects’ discourse power: The development and construction led by architects can push the construction and operation of the project to a benign, achieving multi- win-win results among the user, the owners and the community, rather than traditional pattern of pursuing return on funds in extensive real estate development period.
Promotion on the design by post occupancy evaluation: The inn has been put into use for nearly one year, and the feedbacks of the guests serving as the real building evaluation to promote hotel design in future.

We believe that this is a pattern transformation, especially in the current economic transition, the role of the architect may be rethinking in the post real estate era.

drawings 2总平面图 floor plan Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

drawings 3轴测示意图 Axonometric drawing Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

作为建筑师的坚持 Insistence as an architect

朴素的设计出发点:不做标新立异的建筑,而是一次“当代乡土”的尝试,让建筑真正的属于这个场地。努力尝试做到:尊重自然环境与地域人文、注重设计的新旧关系、注重创新,设计创造价值、注重生态策略及环保。

Simply-design-style as starting point: It’s “Contemporary vernacular” ,attempting to make the building really belong to this site, instead of the unconventional one. We manage to respect for the natural environment and regional humanities, concern on the relations of the old and new design, focus on innovation, create values by design ,stress on ecological strategy and environmental protection.

存在建筑-建筑摄影 (34) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-建筑摄影 (26) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

属于场地的建筑 A building belonging to the site

布局:控制尺度,将建筑体量化整为零,多个坡屋顶与周围农宅尺度相呼应。
边界:石头围墙的介入,作为边界存在,让客栈与周围邻居之关系既有所区别,又有所联系。

Layout: Controlling the scale, break up the whole into parts and slope roofs echo surrounding farm house .
Boundary: The stone walls ,being served as a boundary ,make the relationship between the inn and the surrounding neighbors are not only different, but also contact.

存在建筑-建筑摄影 (6) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室内 (4) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-建筑摄影 (12) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

多层次的公共空间设计 Multi -level public space design

创造多层次的的公共空间体验,从多维度建立建筑与洱海的关系,让使用者可以各取所需,互不干扰。这个设计最难的是要跨过面前的马路欣赏前面的洱海水景。建筑与马路之间的关系很难处理。我们采用了用了一个半下沉的公共空间,来塑造一个双重的联系。空间下面通过隔墙低下来的地方,可以建立与水景的心理联系,空间上面新塑造了一个平台,建立起与洱海水景更为直接的关系。这个平台用了同建筑主体不同的结构方式(钢结构),其标高也有所降低,同一楼地面建立起更亲近的关系。这个平台右边所接的建筑是开敞的,这个动作,一来让底下上来的流线始终处在宽大的室外感之中,让二楼更有一种地景感而不是建筑感,二来,从马路上看,建筑也显得更加空灵、轻巧,不像周边房子那样很实。

Creating multi-level public space experience, it established the relationship between the architecture and Erhai Lake from multi dimensions , so that users can get what they need and do not interfere with each other. However,the most difficult part of design is to cross the front road to enjoy the Erhai Lake. The relationship between the building and the road is difficult to deal with. So a half sinking public space was designed to make a link. Space below the partition can make a psychological link with the water .While the platform built on the space established a more direct relationship with the Erhai Lake. This platform used the steel structure which was quite different from the main body. The elevation is reduced to establish a close relationship with the same floor ground. The building on the right side of the platform is open for two reasons. For one thing, make stream line below always feel in the spacious outdoors; for another, seen from the road, it looks more ethereal and light, unlike the surrounding houses which were very thick.

存在建筑-建筑摄影 (27) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-建筑摄影 (33) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室内 (2) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

客房设计多样性Diversity of guest room design

一共13间客房,设计创造价值:每间客房都拥有独特的景观,与场地发生了直接的联系。做了10个不同的房型,创造多样性的体验。

与原有房子之间的关系:新老房子之间的交接设计得比较自然,在结构处理和空间功能处理上都很直接,在形态上也有延续。

Design creates values: each guest room has a unique landscape, connecting directly with the site. A total 13 rooms made 10 different rooms to create a variety of experiences.

Relationship with the original house: the transition between the new and old houses was designed naturally; It is very direct in the processing of structure and spatial function; and it is continued in the form.

存在建筑-室内 (17) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室内 (21) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室内 (22) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室内 (24) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室内 (25) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室内 (8) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

关注现代建造与传统之关系 Focus on the relationship between the modern and traditional architectures

低技作为策略:在造价及当地施工条件限制下,选择了相对常规化的结构和营造体系,具有普适性。

传统材料的当代表达:关注现代建造与传统之关系,在框架系统下用石头墙砌筑界面(当地工匠的一种成熟做法),用质朴材营造客房度假氛围。

旧物再利用:家具陈设使用当地拆除的老木房梁改制,体现了时间的痕迹与一种在地状态。植物与生活:水院院心种植着百年的古茶树,摘下来的叶就可以在火塘烤制。院子里的石榴,梅子,李子树的果实都会泡制成酒,那应该是到达时的欢迎饮料。后院有一块菜地,摘下来的叶就可以端上早餐餐桌。设计师意图向使用者传递简单、质朴的生活理念。

Low technology as a strategy: It is widely applicable to select the regular structure and construction system under the restriction of cost and local construction conditions.

Contemporary expression of traditional materials: Focus on the relationship between modern and traditional architecture; create a resort atmosphere with plain materials by employ stone walls in frame system which is a mature approach to local artisans.
Reuse with old materials: furniture furnishings are made from local dismantled wooden beam system, reflecting the traces of time and a place-based state .

Plants and lives:A one-hundred-year old tea tree is planted in the heart of water courtyard, which leaves can be roasted in the fire pit. While the fruits of pomegranate and plum in the courtyard can be brewed into wines, that will be a welcome drink at the time of arrival. The vegetables picked in the backyard can be served on breakfast table. The designer intends to convey a simple life concept to the user.

存在建筑-室内 (23) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室内 (18) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室内 (3) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室内 (5) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室内 (9) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

生态策略与绿色环保 Ecological strategy and environmental protection

除了“在地性”,我们还强调作为建筑师的社会责任感。使用太阳能热水系统,充分利用当地气候优势。花6位数设置10吨级的中水处理系统(在大理环海路市政排污管网不健全的背景下),为的是“不向洱海排一滴污水”,自净回用作为景观用水,以负责的态度表达着对自然环境的热爱:并且在客栈主入口设置了中水系统的展示窗口,以便客人传递环保设计理念。

Besides localization, we also emphasize the sense of social responsibility as an architect. Make full use of the local climate advantages to employ solar hot water system. For the “do not drop a drop of sewage in Erhai”, despite the municipal sewage pipe network is not perfect there, we spend hundreds of thousands of RMB to set 10-ton water treatment system, purifying and reusing for landscape water. We express the love for the natural environment with the responsible attitude; and set up the display window of the water system at the main entrance of the hotel to convey the idea of environmental protection design to the guests.

存在建筑-建筑摄影 (13) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

遗憾与惊喜 Regret and surprise

原设计为单坡屋顶,希望是一个更现代性倾向的新乡土建筑,后来在施工过程中遇突发的风貌控制,只有改为双坡屋顶,略显遗憾。惊喜的是客房内部在双坡屋顶的框景下,与湖景共同构成更为精神性的空间,这点是我们在改方案时未曾想象的。

The original design was a lean-to roof ,expected to be a more modern tendency of new vernacular architecture; however, it was regret that it was changed to the double pitched roof ,due to a sudden control of style in the construction process. While what make us excited and beyond our imagination in the modification is that the internal rooms and lake view constitute more spiritual space under the frame of the double slope roof.

存在建筑-室内 (26) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

存在建筑-室内 (15) Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

▽ 1F

drawings 4 一层平面 1st floor plan Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

▽ 2F

drawings 5 二层平面 2nd floor plan Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

▽ 3F

drawings 6 三层平面3rd floor plan Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

▽ SECTION

drawings 7下沉书屋剖面图 sunken study section Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

drawings 8退台客房剖面图 Munwood Lakeside by Init Design Office

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